How to migrate crypto from an exchange to a Ledger device


In the world of cryptocurrencies, digital asset protection is critical. By transferring one’s cryptocurrency holdings from an exchange to a hardware wallet like the Ledger wallet, one may take ownership of their private keys and improve security. This article explains how to safely move one’s Bitcoin holdings from Coinbase to a Ledger Nano X device. 

Understanding the crypto migration process

Transferring digital assets from an exchange-controlled environment to a personal storage device (self-custodial) where users can maintain control over their private keys is the process of migrating Bitcoin (BTC) from an exchange to a Ledger hardware wallet.

The need for hardware wallets

Despite their ease of use, cryptocurrency exchanges fall short of the security and control offered by hardware wallets such as the Ledger Nano X. Exchanges are prone to hacking, putting assets at risk. In contrast, the Ledger Nano X protects cryptocurrencies offline from internet threats and gives users complete control over their private keys, which improves financial independence.

Prerequisites for crypto migration to Ledger Nano X

Step 1: Configure and update the Ledger Nano X

Make sure the Ledger Nano X is running the latest firmware update before starting the migration. This is essential for security features and compatibility with the newest coins. To finish any available updates, Ledger Nano X has to be connected to a personal computer; open the Ledger Live program and follow the on-screen instructions.

Step 2: Installing cryptocurrency applications

Install the applications for the coins you want to move using the Ledger Live program. Ledger Live is compatible with many digital assets; you must install the appropriate apps on your smartphone to manage these assets.

Step 3: Safeguard the secure passphrase word

You will receive a recovery phrase when you set up your Ledger Nano X. Keep this phrase safe since it is a backup key for all your cryptocurrency holdings. Write the recovery phrase on a piece of paper and keep it somewhere secure. Never input this phrase on any website or distribute it to anyone.

Steps to linking Coinbase Wallet to Ledger device

Follow the steps below to connect the Coinbase Wallet to the Ledger device:

Step 1: Download and install the Coinbase Wallet extension from the Chrome Web Store.

Step 2: Launch the Coinbase Wallet extension.

Step 3: Choose “I already have a wallet” if you have one; otherwise, select “Create new wallet.”

Step 4: Select “Connect Ledger wallet” to link your Coinbase Wallet.

Step 5: The following window will display connected or paired devices. Select yours and click “Connect now.”

Step 6: Sign the message to link the Ledger device to the Coinbase Wallet.

Step 7: After signing the message, a popup saying “Your device is ready” will appear.

Step 8: Open the extension to see your assets.

Step 9: All the assets owned will be shown in the wallet.

Steps to migrate crypto from Coinbase to Ledger Nano X

Follow the few easy steps to successfully migrate from Coinbase to Ledger Nano X.

Step 1: Access your Coinbase account

Visit and sign in using your personal credentials.

Step 2: Initiate the transfer

Locate the “Send/Receive” menu or “Portfolio” section on the Coinbase dashboard. This is usually at the top right corner of the interface.

Step 3: Select the cryptocurrency to transfer

Click on the “Send/Receive” button, which will prompt a box to appear. In the “Send” tab, select the cryptocurrency (in this case, Bitcoin) you wish to transfer to your Ledger Nano X from the provided dropdown menu.

Step 4: Enter the amount

Enter the amount of cryptocurrency you wish to transfer to your Ledger Nano X.

Step 5: Enter your Ledger Nano X address

Launch the Ledger Live application on your computer and navigate to the account linked to the cryptocurrency you want to transfer to your Ledger Nano X address.

The Ledger wallet address will appear on the device screen when you select “Receive” and follow the on-screen instructions. You must ensure that the address displayed in the Ledger Live application matches the address shown on your device.

Copy the address from Ledger Live and paste it into the Coinbase “Recipient” field after verifying it. You must also confirm the address is correct to avoid losing funds.

Please note that creating a Ledger deposit address is now necessary. Coinbase often matches the address to the appropriate network automatically. However, users should confirm the appropriate network.

Deposit addresses can be generated via the Ledger Live app without a Ledger device; however, these unverified addresses may lack security. Utilizing such addresses is done at the individual’s own risk.

Step 6: Finalize and confirm the transfer

Verify that all the information is correct before completing the transfer by carefully reviewing the transaction details, including the recipient’s address and the amount of cryptocurrency.

Coinbase might ask for further verification after you click the “Continue” button, like a 2-factor authentication code. After verifying everything, choose “Send Now” to transfer the cryptocurrency from your Coinbase account to your Ledger Nano X.

The load on the blockchain network and the related transaction fees affect how long it takes for a transaction to be confirmed. The Ledger Live app and users’ Coinbase accounts let them keep an eye on the transaction. Once the transaction is successfully confirmed, the transferred amount will be reflected in their Ledger Nano X account.

Protecting cryptocurrency assets with Ledger Nano X

Securing cryptocurrency involves more than just transferring assets to a Ledger Nano X; it also requires understanding and adhering to best practices for hardware wallet security.

Key measures to ensure crypto asset security after migration

Following a successful cryptocurrency transfer from Coinbase to a Ledger Nano X, immediate steps should be taken to secure the holdings. The protection of these investments largely depends on the digital security practices employed and the physical safeguarding of the Ledger device.

Physical protection of the Ledger Nano X

One should treat their Ledger Nano X as they would a significant amount of cash or a valuable piece of jewelry, storing it securely in a locked safe or drawer. Despite the device’s PIN protection, restricting physical access adds an extra layer of security.

Regular firmware and app updates

Ledger constantly aims to improve the security and functionality of its devices through firmware updates. Owners should frequently connect their Ledger Nano X to the Ledger Live software to perform these updates. Additionally, updating each cryptocurrency app on the device ensures access to the latest features and security enhancements.

Secure the recovery phrase

The importance of the recovery phrase cannot be overstated. This 24-word phrase is crucial for accessing cryptocurrency holdings and can restore accounts on a new device if the original Ledger device is lost, stolen or damaged. Storing this phrase in a secure location, such as a fireproof safe, and considering a durable backup solution like the Ledger Cryptosteel, is advisable.

Practice safe transaction habits

One should always double-check addresses before confirming transactions and remain vigilant against phishing attempts. Remember, Ledger will never request one’s 24-word recovery phrase. Users should also familiarize themselves with common scams and phishing tactics in the crypto space, which is essential to avoid falling prey to them.

Ensuring network compatibility between the exchange and the Ledger Nano X poses a common challenge during the migration of cryptocurrency, especially with multi-blockchain currencies like Tether (USDT). It’s crucial to select the correct network on both Coinbase and Ledger to prevent asset loss during transfers.

Additionally, blockchain congestion can lead to transaction delays, where patience becomes vital. Instead of resending the transaction immediately, monitoring its progress through blockchain explorers may prevent transactions from getting stuck twice. Overcoming these challenges not only smooths the migration process but also secures the digital assets when transferred from Coinbase to Ledger Nano X.

By migrating cryptocurrency from an exchange to a Ledger Nano X, individuals can ensure the long-term security of their assets. Being informed about the migration process, addressing potential challenges and employing strategies to maximize security is essential. It’s important to remember that securing cryptocurrency is an ongoing process that demands vigilance, education and adaptability to new threats and technological changes.